Coronavirus

What is Coronavirus?

Coronaviruses (CoV) are large family of viruses. They consist of code of genetic materials surrounded by envelope of protein spikes this keeps the appearance of crown. Crown in latern is called “Corona”, that causes illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as “middle east respiratory syndrome(MERS-CoV)” and “Severe accute respiratory  syndrome (SARC-CoV)”.

In December 2019 there is a duster of pneumonia cases in china. On 31 December 2019, WHO was informed of cases of pneumonia of unknown etiology (unkown cause) detected in wuhan city, Hubei province of china. Wuhen a city of about 11 million people. It is a major logistics and transport hub in china. It has large seafood and animal market in wuhen.

Where did the Coronavirus come from?

       It is circulate in a range of animals Research from peking University suggests that the Wuhan virus might have come from snakes. But they don’t know weather snakes can be infected by the new coronavirus.

What are the symptoms of Coronavirus?

Common sign of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, runny nose, sore throat, cough or shortness of breath. It’s all the same symptoms as normal pneumonia. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.

How does the 2019 Coronavirus spread?

Coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are transmitted between animals and people. Detail investigations found that SARS-Cov was transmitted from Civet Cats to humans and MERS-CoV from romedary camels to humans. Several known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans. More than 70% of emerging infections in humans are estimated to have come from animals, particularly wild animals. The virus usually spread when you come into close contact with an infected person. That’s about 2 metres from an infected persons over a period of 30 minutes or more.

What is the incubation Period ?

Incubation period is about 14 days.

How can we tell someone will infected ?

The infection can be diagnose by test called PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) The test identify the virus based on Genetic finger print.

Treatment ?

No specific medication till yet.

Prevention?

Basic protective measures against the new coronavirus.

1. Wash your hands frequently.

    Wash your hands frequently with an alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water.

   It kill the virus if it is on your hand.

2. Practice respiratory hygiene.

     When coughing and sneezing, cover mouth and nose with flexed elbow or tissue discard tissue immediately into a closed bin and clean your hands with alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water.       

3. Maintain social distancing

              Maintain at least 1 metre (3feet) distance between yourself and other people, particularly those who are    coughing, sneezing and have a fever.

4. Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth

              Hands touch many surfaces which can be contaminated with the virus. If you touch your eye, nose or mouth with your contaminated hands, you can transfer the virus the virus from the surface to yourself.

5. If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing seek medical care early.

6.   As a general precaution, practice general hygiene measures, when visiting live animal market, wet markets or   animal product markets.

8. Avoid consumption of raw or undercooked animal products.

                Handle raw meat, milk or animal organs with care, to avoid cross –contamination with uncooked foods, as per good food safety practices.

Myth Busters about Coronavirus?

1. Is it safe to receive a latter or a packages from china?

2.Can pets at home spread the new coronavirus ?

3. Do vaccines against pneumonia protect you against the new coronavirus?

4.Can regularly rinsing your nose with saline help prevent infection with the new coronavirus?

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